Original Research

Beyond dogmatism: Rationality in theology and science

Wentzel van Huyssteen
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 44, No 4 | a2243 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v44i4.2243 | © 1988 Wentzel van Huyssteen | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 January 1988 | Published: 08 January 1988

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Wentzel van Huyssteen, University of Port Elizabeth, South Africa

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Abstract

The justification of cognitive claims in theology can be dealt with adequately only if the epistemological issues of metaphorical reference, experiential adequacy and explanatory progress are seen as crucial problems for the more encompassing problem of rationality in theology. To claim some form of reality depiction the theologian will have to argue for a plausible theory of reference on the basis of interpreted religious experience. In this discussion important analogies between the rationality of theological theorizing and the rationality of science are revealed. Thus explanatory progress in theology shows itself to be a form of inference to the best explanation, and the rationahty of both theology and science is therefore determined by certain epistemic values.

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