Original Research

Hegemony and the internalisation of homophobia caused by heteronormativity

Yolanda Dreyer
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 63, No 1 | a197 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v63i1.197 | © 2007 Yolanda Dreyer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 May 2007 | Published: 08 May 2007

About the author(s)

Yolanda Dreyer, University of Pretoria, South Africa

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Abstract

The aim of the article is to focus on hegemony as it relates to the issue of sexuality and the trauma imposed on sexual minorities. A point of departure is that social identity theories can shed light on homophobia. The article argues that an empathic approach to those traumatised by internalised homophobia calls for a gay-friendly psychotherapy/analysis. The article reflects particularly on how heteronormativity maintains homophobia. It also illustrates the relationship between homophobia and social scientific insights regarding personality types and gender. The concepts homophobia and the internalisation of homophobia are discussed by focusing on aspects such as personality types and violence. The article finds that blind submission to heteronormativity, an outdated social construct, traumatises those who do not conform to the hetero norm, in two ways: hegemony is one consequence, and internalised homophobia is another.

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