Original Research

Patronage avoidance in James

John S. Kloppenborg Verbin
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 55, No 4 | a1632 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v55i4.1632 | © 1999 John S. Kloppenborg Verbin | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 13 December 1999 | Published: 13 December 1999

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John S. Kloppenborg Verbin,, Canada

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Abstract

James 2:1-13 takes the form of a rhetorical "elaboration on a theme" described in Ps-Cicero's Rhetorica ad Herennium 2.18.28, and is directed not merely at the abstract issue of partiality or the issue of rich versus poor, but at the practice of patronage and its attendant effects on social interaction. James attacks the practice of patronage and reliance on the stereotypes of patronage as demeaning pseudo-friendship as well as the client, and contrasts this with true friendship from God.

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