Original Research

The Holy Spirit and the early Church: The experience of the Spirit

Johannes van Oort
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 68, No 1 | a1154 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i1.1154 | © 2012 Johannes van Oort | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 July 2011 | Published: 14 March 2012

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Johannes van Oort, Radbound University, Netherlands

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Firstly, the present article explored the occurrence of special gifts of the Holy Spirit (charismata) both in the New Testament and in a number of early Christian writers (e.g. Justin Martyr, Irenaeus, Tertullian and Augustine). Secondly, it indicated how this experience of special charismata exerted its influence on the formulation of the most authoritative and ecumenical statement of belief, viz. the Creed of Nicaea-Constantinople (381).


Holy Spirit; New Testament; Christian writers; Justin Martyr; Irenaeus; Tertullian; Augustine


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