Original Research - Special Indonesian Collection: Philosophy and Theology

Baileo as a peace model for Christian and Muslim communities in Maluku

Resa Dandirwalu, Husnul Qodim
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 3 | a6529 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i3.6529 | © 2021 Resa Dandirwalu, Husnul Qodim | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 09 February 2021 | Published: 29 June 2021

About the author(s)

Resa Dandirwalu, Department of Theology, Faculty of Theology, Universitas Kristen Indonesia Maluku, Ambon, Indonesia
Husnul Qodim, Department of Theology, Faculty of Theology, UIN Sunan Gunung Djati University, Bandung, Indonesia


This article aims at analysing Baileo as a peace model for Christian and Muslim communities from the gandong countries in Maluku. The countries include Hutumuri (Christian), Christian Sirisori, Islamic Sirisori and Tamilou (Islam). Baileo as a peace model was lost during the 1999 social conflict in Maluku. Baileo (bale) is a place to discuss problems and a place for implementation of customary rituals in the country, whilst gandong is a relationship between two or more countries based on blood or hereditary relations. The approaches used are cultural anthropology and functional theology. This research study uses a qualitative research method with observation and interview techniques for data collection and Appreciative Inquiry (AI) model for data analysis. As shown in the Results and Discussion section, firstly, Baileo is a place to create solidarity between Christian and Muslim communities because of the gandong ties between them, which were very good before the conflict; secondly, the local traditions of Baileo and gandong have become a meeting point for Christian and Muslim communities because Baileo has sacred values, and gandong has mutual care and protection values as an implementation of ancestral promise; thirdly, reviving the fraternal solidarity of Christian and Muslim communities based on collective memory through shared awareness, cultural romanticism and retelling; and fourthly, the implementation of the traditional ritual of the inauguration of Raja Hutumuri in Baileo as a manifestation of peace for Christian and Muslim communities in Maluku because of the absence of mutual suspicion and equality between Christianity and Muslims.

Contribution: The contribution of this study is that local culture, in this case Baileo, is very relevant for solutions or a common ground for resolving socio-religious conflicts at local, national and global levels. Thus, it needs to be developed continuously.


Baileo; Gandong; cultural anthropology and functional theology; solidarity; harmony


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