Original Research: Historical Thought and Source Interpretation

Theological belief towards Islamic spiritual belief: Evidence from South Sulawesi, Indonesia

Ruslan Ruslan, Muhammad A. Burga, Muli U. Noer
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 4 | a8009 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i4.8009 | © 2022 Ruslan Ruslan, Muhammad A. Burga, Muli U. Noer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 08 August 2022 | Published: 19 December 2022

About the author(s)

Ruslan Ruslan, Department of Arabic Literature, Faculty of Literature, Univesitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
Muhammad A. Burga, Department of Islamic Religion, Faculty of Education, Universitas Islam Makassar, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia
Muli U. Noer, Department of English Literature, Faculty of Literature, Univesitas Muslim Indonesia, Makassar, Sulawesi Selatan, Indonesia


Indonesia has the biggest Muslim population globally, and one of the Islamic beliefs among people of this nation is tarekat, which is sometimes considered as a heretic. Therefore, this article aims to analyse the meaning of diction tarekat according to the Qur’an and its implications for the Buginese community, one of the oldest ethnicities in Indonesia. This is a conceptual and empirical research with the purposive sampling method used to determine the informants from several tarekat leaders and congregations. Data were collected through documentation, observation and interviews and analysed using Miles and Huberman’s qualitative analysis technique. This process consists of data reduction, display and drawing conclusions. The study results showed that, firstly, the word tarekat in the Qur’an indicates the meaning of inner journey and the methods and ways of thinking, acting and behaving. Secondly, to the Buginese community, it implies a spiritual path to a higher level of appreciation towards their God. Thirdly, the meaning of the diction tarekat in the Qur’an has implications for its understanding, which can be seen in the practice of dhikr, spiritual behaviour and the way of life of those implementing these heretics.

Contribution: This article enriched the religious belief among Muslims, which scholars rarely uncover. Adherents of Islam in Indonesia have a social and political responsibility regarding religious tolerance within and outside other religions. This proves that Muslims contribute to world peace in Middle-East and South-Eastern Asia.


tarekat; Al-Qur’an; Buginese community; spiritual; dhikr

Sustainable Development Goal

Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities


Total abstract views: 1086
Total article views: 1256


Crossref Citations

1. The role of Tharîqat in strengthening nationalism in Indonesia
Cogent Social Sciences  vol: 10  issue: 1  year: 2024  
doi: 10.1080/23311886.2024.2347010