Original Research

Sleeping soul: A concept representation of metaphysical anthropology of the funeral traditions of Torajan people

Daniel F. Panuntun, Wandrio Salewa
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 1 | a7465 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i1.7465 | © 2022 Daniel F. Panuntun, Wandrio Salewa | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 22 February 2022 | Published: 22 June 2022

About the author(s)

Daniel F. Panuntun, Department of Christian Leadership, Faculty of Culture and Christian Leadership, Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja, Tana Toraja, Indonesia
Wandrio Salewa, Department of Theology, Institut Agama Kristen Negeri Toraja, Tana Toraja, Indonesia


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Abstract

The funeral tradition of the Torajan people is one of the most recognised funeral traditions in the world, a part of Indonesia’s rich indigenous knowledge. However, this particular tradition has been in decline over time because of the alienation caused by the spreading of Christianity. This research aimed to reinterpret metaphysical anthropology of the funeral tradition of the Torajan people using the concept of the sleeping soul from the narration of Jesus in Mark 5:35–42 and Daniel 12:1–3. The research used a qualitative approach with theological and ethnographic research types. The results of this study reveal that the concept of the sleeping soul in the biblical view can reinterpret metaphysical anthropology in the funeral tradition of the Torajan people as follows: (1) souls are eternal in the process of death, (2) souls of the deceased are helpless and (3) the sleeping soul is an eschatological hope for Christianity and Torajan people.

Contribution: The aim of this research is to find a Christian metaphysical anthropology doctrine that is cordial to the funeral tradition of the Torajan people. The relationship between the two is that they have the same way of appreciating human existence metaphysically. This finding contributes to Christianity in the preservation of Torajan culture.


Keywords

anthropology; metaphysic; funeral; sleeping soul; Toraja

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