Original Research - Special Collection: Africa Platform for NT Scholars

Intercultural criticism of spiritual warfare (Ephesians 6:10–20)

Victor L. Budha
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 78, No 3 | a6905 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v78i3.6905 | © 2022 Victor L. Budha | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 10 June 2021 | Published: 22 February 2022

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Victor L. Budha, Department of New Testament and Related Literature, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, Pretoria, South Africa

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The text of Ephesians 6:10–20 reframes the sectors of what we know as ‘spiritual warfare’ to tackle demons that menace and disturb people’s daily life. Reading this text from an African perspective helps to understand the text as well as believers in Africa to efficiently use the proposed weapons.

Contribution: An approach such as an intercultural criticism with the aid of a four-legged stool model in this research proved to be appropriate.


Ephesians; warfare; weapons; four-legged stool; syncretism


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