Original Research

The contribution of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah’s theology in establishing moderate Islam in Indonesia

Imam Kanafi, Harapandi Dahri, Susminingsih Susminingsih, Syamsul Bakhri
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 77, No 4 | a6437 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v77i4.6437 | © 2021 Imam Kanafi, Harapandi Dahri, Susminingsih Susminingsih, Syamsul Bakhri | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 December 2020 | Published: 20 May 2021

About the author(s)

Imam Kanafi, Department of Tasawuf and Psychotheraphy, Faculty of Ushuluddin, Adab, and Dakwah, The State Institute for Islamic Study Pekalongan, Pekalongan, Indonesia
Harapandi Dahri, Department of Akidah, Faculty of Ushuluddin, Kolej Universiti Perguruan Ugama Seri Begawan, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
Susminingsih Susminingsih, Department of Islamic Economics, Faculty of Islamic Economics and Business, The State Institute for Islamic Study Pekalongan, Pekalongan, Indonesia
Syamsul Bakhri, Department of Hadis, Faculty of Ushuluddin, Adab and Dakwah, The State Institute for Islamic Study Pekalongan, Pekalongan, Indonesia


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Abstract

Radicalism and Islamic phobia have the potential to cause conflict amongst religious communities so that it needs social movements in building religious moderation. This study aims to understand and analyse the Ahlussunnah Waljamaah theology in the six largest Islamic community organisations in Indonesia in implementing religious moderation. This study uses a qualitative method with a phenomenological approach. Data obtained from interviews, observations and in-depth interviews regarding the process of externalising, objectifying and internalising the theology of Ahlusunnah Waljamaah in Nahdlatul Ulama, Rifa’iyah, Muhammadiyah, Al-Irsyad, Lembaga Dakwah Islam Indonesia and Front Pembela Islam organisations. Then, the data were analysed through social construction theory of Peter L. Berger and T. Luckman. The results show that the six largest Islamic community organisations in Indonesia apply Ahlussunnah Waljamaahs theology. Those Islamic community organisations differently understand the externalisation of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah theology based on its teaching. Thus, it has implications for Aswaja’s model of application (objectification) in the fields of state, preaching, social and cultural life. Aswaja’s internalisation is reflected in the moderate character of the figures and followers of mass organisations in Indonesia. The Islamic community organisations contribute to build Islamic moderation character by applying an established and consistent theology of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah in various fields.

Contribution: This article provides insight into the contribution of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah’s theology in establishing moderate Islam in Indonesia. It contributes to build Islamic moderation’s character by applying an established and consistent theology of Ahlussunnah Waljamaah in various fields.


Keywords

Islamic moderation; Islamic theology; social construction; Indonesia; Islamic community organisations; moderate Islam.

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