Original Research

Faith in God, philanthropy and foundations of criticism of religious violence in Mulla Sadra’s philosophy

Sayyed M. Emami Jome, Mahdi Ganjvar, Nafiseh Ahl Sarmadi
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 76, No 1 | a6046 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v76i1.6046 | © 2020 Sayyed M. Emami Jome, Mahdi Ganjvar, Nafiseh Ahl Sarmadi | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 20 April 2020 | Published: 30 September 2020

About the author(s)

Sayyed M. Emami Jome, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Faculty Theology and Ahlul-Bayt’s Studies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Mahdi Ganjvar, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Faculty Theology and Ahlul-Bayt’s Studies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Nafiseh Ahl Sarmadi, Department of Islamic Philosophy and Theology, Faculty Theology and Ahlul-Bayt’s Studies, University of Isfahan, Isfahan, Iran, Islamic Republic of


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Abstract

This article aims at showing the potentiality of Transcendent Theosophy (Al-Hikmah Al-Muta’aliyah) in the creation of peace and denial of religious violence. Belief in Necessary Being that is identical to beauty and perfection is one of the central issues in Islamic philosophy, particularly Mulla Sadra’s Transcendent Theosophy. This belief has different stages, the highest one of which is a love-based sense of humbleness before God who is the source of beauty. Thus, faith in the thought of Mulla Sadra is one of the aesthetic categories. Surrender to such a Being leads to love in him and his effects. Thus, in Transcendent Theosophy, love in God is followed by the love in people. This love is associated with the sense of responsibility and the effort for the realisation of people’s rights. In the final part of the article under the title ‘Mulla Sadra and Confrontation of Two Types of Religious Understanding’, through the analysis of Mulla Sadra’s dialogue with a religious radical, we have criticised the discourse of religious violence and concluded that Transcendent Theosophy is a defender of human rights and a pioneer of peace and a despiser of religious violence. The most important finding of this study is that according to Mulla Sadra, religious radical interpretations are the source of the emergence of religious violence, and the solution to this problem is the promotion of rational and conscious religiosity. The method used in this research is of descriptive-analytic type.

Contribution: The article brought to fore the potentiality of Islamic philosophy for the realisation of peace and the denial of religious violence. The authors analytically studied Mulla Sadra’s pacifist foundations in order to ascertain its relation with non-violence towards humans. The main contribution of this article is that the teachings of Transcendent Theosophy are very useful for creating peaceful coexistence between human beings.


Keywords

peace; religious violence; faith; love in people; Mulla Sadra

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Crossref Citations

1. Muslim views on other religions: With special reference to Buddhism
Jaffary Awang, Ahmad F. Ramli, Zaizul A. Rahman
HTS Teologiese Studies/Theological Studies  vol: 77  issue: 4  year: 2021  
doi: 10.4102/hts.v77i4.6608