Original Research - Special Collection: HTS 75th Anniversary Maake Masango Dedication

Determining moral leadership as argued from an evolutionary point of view – With reference to gender, race, poverty and sexual orientation

Chris Jones
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 75, No 4 | a5215 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v75i4.5215 | © 2019 Chris Jones | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 03 August 2018 | Published: 27 June 2019

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Chris Jones, Faculty of Theology, Stellenbosch University, Stellenbosch, South Africa

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This essay focuses on determining moral leadership, as theoretically debated from an evolutionary point of view in an attempt to reflect on how this kind of moral leadership can contribute, among others, in dealing with issues such as gender, race, poverty and sexual orientation. Although important, not one of the latter issues will be discussed. It is not the primary focus of the essay. But because we are aware of the extent of the challenges regarding these issues, they were specifically identified as examples for applying the moral guidelines developed and determined in this essay. This essay mainly argues that morality and moral leadership require analytical and critical evolutionary thinking and reflection that could contribute to making the world a more just and fair place in which to live. Moral leaders are created when people are constantly striving in an ongoing process of reasoning to become more humane, thereby allowing every person to flourish and to reach their full potential through biologically determined and justice-based moral reflection and action.


Moral leadership; Evolutionary science; Biology; Moral codes; Moral sense; Ethical choices; Behaviour; Gender; Race


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