Original Research

‘The spirit of the Lord God is upon me’ (Is 61:1): The use of Isaiah 61:1–2 in Luke 4:18–19

Mary J. Obiorah, Favour C. Uroko
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 74, No 1 | a5038 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v74i1.5038 | © 2018 Mary J. Obiorah; Favour C. Uroko | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 17 April 2018 | Published: 29 October 2018

About the author(s)

Mary J. Obiorah, Department of Religion and Cultural Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; and, Department of New Testament Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, South Africa
Favour C. Uroko, Department of Religion and Cultural Studies, University of Nigeria, Nsukka, Nigeria; and, Department of New Testament Studies, Faculty of Theology and Religion, University of Pretoria, South Africa


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Abstract

Copious citations of the Old Testament (OT) by the New Testament (NT) writers confirm the continuity of the divine revelation in both parts of the sacred scripture and at the same time underscore the newness of the NT. This is evident in the theological development of the reality of the ‘spirit of the Lord’ from the OT to the NT. In this article the writer traces the development of this biblical concept from its occurrence in the context of Isaiah 61:1–2 to the use of this text in a programmatic passage of Luke 4:18–19. The aim of the research is to shed light on the concept and nature of the spirit of the Lord in its context in Isaiah and the use of this by a NT writer. Both texts are carefully compared, using a literary approach, with the intention to discover how the NT writer used this concept in his presentation of the person and mission of Jesus as a charismatic figure and the anointed of the Lord.

Keywords

Spirit; Isaiah 61:1-2; Luke 4:18-19; anointing

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