Original Research

Pastoraat en jeugtrauma, die ‘sondebokmodel’, en Jesus as rolmodel

Annelize Endres, Yolanda Dreyer
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 65, No 1 | a196 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v65i1.196 | © 2009 Annelize Endres, Yolanda Dreyer | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 04 May 2009 | Published: 14 August 2009

About the author(s)

Annelize Endres, Universiteit van Pretoria, South Africa
Yolanda Dreyer, Universiteit van Pretoria, South Africa

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Pastoral care with traumatised youth, the ‘scapegoat’ model, and Jesus as role model

Existing research shows that adolescents are victimised and traumatised more often than adults. Many a time it is left to pastoral counsellors to assist such traumatised youth to overcome such experiences. This article therefore aims to empower pastors in this task with reference to the insights of René Girard. As violence is inherent to traumatic experiences, two aspects of Girard’s insights are pertinent. Girard’s notions of imitation with regard to violence, as well as the scapegoat ritual can be useful to pastors who want to guide adolescents through their trauma. Girard’s contribution has been widely acknowledged and used by theologians in their hermeneutical and theological endeavours. This article now applies these insights to the field of Practical Theology. In theology, Jesus has become both the ‘role model’ and the ‘scapegoat’. This article applies both these aspects of Jesus’ life to pastoral care with traumatised youth.


getraumatiseerde adolessente; emosionele trauma; posttraumatiese stressindroom; geweld; emosionele ontwikkeling


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