Original Research - Special Collection: James Alfred Loader Dedication

A comparison between James and Philodemus on moral exhortation, communal confession and correctio fraterna

Jacobus Kok
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 69, No 1 | a1927 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v69i1.1927 | © 2013 Jacobus Kok | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 25 January 2013 | Published: 26 June 2013

About the author(s)

Jacobus Kok, Department of New Testament Studies, University of Pretoria, South Africa


In this article, James 5:13–20 is investigated. This section deals with the confession of sins in the community of faith and the subsequent healing that will result. James will be compared to Philodemus, a philosopher who comes from Galilee, just like James. It is not argued that James was influenced by Philodemus but that a comparison between the two might open up fresh perspectives for the interpretation of James 5:13–20. This will especially become clear when the themes of moral exhortation, community health, communal confession and the role of the psychagogue are discussed.


James; Philodemus; moral exhortation; communal confession; correctio fraterna


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