Original Research

Die ontwikkeling van die menslike bewussyn: Die postmoderne vraag na God

Ignatius (Naas) W. Ferreira
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 65, No 1 | a178 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v65i1.178 | © 2009 Ignatius (Naas) W. Ferreira | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 23 April 2009 | Published: 30 September 2009

About the author(s)

Ignatius (Naas) W. Ferreira, Universiteit van Pretoria, South Africa

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The development of the human consciousness: The postmodern quest for God

This article critically reflects upon ‘emerging Christians’ – those who have departed from a premodern (theistic) and modernist (secular) view of reality, and have rather embraced postmodernity in response to the cognitive dissonance they experience due to a clash of epistemological paradigms. The article discusses psychological theories on the development of human consciousness, and describes seven levels or stages of such development, namely the archaic, magical, mythological, rational, pluralistic, holistic and transpersonal levels. The article focuses on Ken Wilber’s integral psychological theory, better known as AQAL (All Quadrants, All Levels and All Lines), which also covers the internal and external dimensions of human consciousness, including an integral view on the so-called ‘states of human consciousness’. In doing so, the article aims to contribute to that aspect of pastoral care that focuses on psychological theory.


godsdienstige naturalisme; teïsme; panenteïsme; sekulêre paradigma; geloof en etiek


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Crossref Citations

1. The doctrine on God, as demonstrated and confessed in the Heidelberg Catechism
Carel F.C. Coetzee
In die Skriflig/In Luce Verbi  vol: 47  issue: 2  year: 2013  
doi: 10.4102/ids.v47i2.703