Original Research

Paulus se hantering van eksterne stressors, en die verhouding tussen identiteit, etiek en etos in Filippense

Chris Franken
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 68, No 1 | a1148 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v68i1.1148 | © 2012 Chris Franken | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 26 July 2011 | Published: 16 July 2012

About the author(s)

Chris Franken, Department of New Testament, University of Pretoria, South Africa


Paul coping with external stressors: Exploring the relationship between identity, ethics and ethos in Philippians. Stress is one of the most prominent sicknesses of the third millennium. This article used the external categories of stress and the heuristic ethical indicators (identity, ethics and ethos) to determine why Paul lived with joy despite of his stressful circumstances. As for people sharing the same Christian identity of the first followers of Jesus, this should be of real significance to the situation of stress in the third millennium.


Stress; Identity; ethics; ethos; Philippians


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