Original Research - Special Collection: Practical Theology

Applying grounded theory to data collected through participatory research on African Independent Churches’ liturgical rituals: A comparative study

Bethel A. Müller, Cas J. Wepener
HTS Teologiese Studies / Theological Studies | Vol 67, No 2 | a1034 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/hts.v67i2.1034 | © 2011 Bethel A. Müller, Cas J. Wepener | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 14 February 2011 | Published: 12 October 2011

About the author(s)

Bethel A. Müller, Department of Practical Theology and Missiology, Stellenbosch University, South Africa
Cas J. Wepener, Department of Practical Theology, University of Pretoria, South Africa


This article reported on two research projects, the first conducted in the early 1990s and the second, a project currently in progress. In essence, the article was an attempt to compare the theology of African Independent Churches in the two respective periods by making use of a grounded theory approach to their worship services. Significant similarities and differences were identified and reported on.


African Independent Churches; grounded theory; liturgy; participatory research; ritual


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